Technology for renewable energy utilization

and energy saving equipment


The catalogue of technologies and products,

The GNUS of VIESH developed in system










Moscow 2007


Technologies of renewed power and энергосберегающее the equipment. The catalogue of technologies and the products developed in system of the GNU of VIESH. — M.: the GNU of VIESH, 2006. — 52 рр.



In the catalogue technologies and the equipment for use of renewed energy sources, and also энергосберегающие ecologically safe technologies and the means developed in system of the GNU of VIESH are submitted.



Composers: к.т.н. N.F.Molosnov, JU.M.Galkin.

Ph.: (495) 171-02-74.




The Address of institute:

109456, Moscow, 1-st Veshnyakovsky proezd, 2. VIESH

Phones: (495171-19-20, 171-02-74.

The telefax: (495170-51-01.


The Internet:



Director of institute

Strebkov Dmitry Semenovich,

Academician Rosselhozakademii,


The professor



Publishing group of the GNU of VIESH

Editor T.A.Gudkova



It is signed in a seal 07.08.2006. A format 60х84/16. Volume 3,25 печ. л.

Circulation of 500 copies. A seal offset. The order №


It is printed in IT « Printing house Россельхозакадемии »

115598 Moscow, street. Berry, 12





The state scientific institute the All-Russia scientific research institute of electrification of an agriculture (the GNU of VIESH) — a centre of science on power supply, electrification and automation of an agriculture, electromechanization of animal industries, use of renewed and nonconventional energy sources.

The institute is created in March, 1930.


A scientific substantiation, the forecast and strategy of power supply, electrification and энергосбережения in an agriculture, non-polluting ресурсосберегающих technologies, systems of machines for electrification of an agricultural production and animal industries;

Creation of highly effective electrotechnologies, systems warmly and electric equipments, automation for animal industries, растениеводства, primary processing and storage of agricultural production;

Development of methods, means and systems of reliable power supply of an agriculture, operation and an electrosecurity of electroinstallations and electric equipments, including independent systems;

Creation of systems and means for electromechanization of animal industries;

Perfection of perspective technologies and creation of new means for use of renewed and nonconventional energy sources in an agriculture and other branches of a national economy;

Preparation of the scientific staff and improvement of professional skill of experts;

Foreign trade activities and scientific and technical cooperation in the field of electrification of an agriculture and renewed power;

Rendering information, consulting and внедренческих services.

Into system of the GNU of VIESH enter:

IT the Central skilled design bureau (ЦОПКБ VIESH).

The address: 109456, Moscow, 1-st Veshnyakovsky proezd, 2

Ph.: (495171-02-10. The telefax: (495171-27-03.

IT Skilled mechanical factory "Александровский".

The address: 601600, the Vladimir region. Alexanders, street. Gagarin, 6.

Ph.: (49244627-01. The telefax: (49244625-34, 616-73.

The Interbranch Scientific and technical center on machine milking cows and primary processing of milk (МНТЦ VIESH « Technics{Technical equipment} for milk»);

The Scientific and technical center on энергосбережению in an agriculture (scientific and technological centre of VIESH " Энергосбережение ");

The International faculty of UNESCO « Renewed power and rural electrification »;

Faculty MGAU him{it}. V.P.Gorjachkina « Renewed power and electrification of an agriculture »;

Experimental — technological sites on:

— To manufacture of solar photo-electric elements and modules (batteries);

— To creation of the equipment and means of automation for technological processes of an agricultural production;

— To creation of the equipment for primary processing and storage of agricultural production;

— To creation and release of pre-production models of the equipment for electromechanization of dairy cattle breeding;

— To creation of experimental fixtures and irradiators for objects of agrarian and industrial complex;

— To creation of the automated systems of the remote control and management of electroinstallations of industrial objects.


Close Joint-stock company « New and renewed energy sources » (joint-stock company VIEN);

Research-and-production enterprise " Фемакс " (НПП "Фемакс");

The Society with limited liability « Production association ОВЕН » (Open Company ON "ОВЕН").


The institute, the scientific and technical centers, pilot productions of institute and IT Skilled mechanical factory "Александровский" under contracts with the agricultural both industrial enterprises and the organizations, farms and other rural commodity producers develop technologies, make means, carry out projects, organize manufacturing, purchase of machines, the equipment, installation, architectural supervision, service.


VIESH invites to cooperation on development, development and manufacture of the electrified technics{technical equipment} developed by institute.


VIESH offers the license for the manufacturing techniques of solar photo-electric elements developed by institute and modules, and also other equipment resulted in the catalogue.


The Chlorine – FREE Technology of producing Solar GRADE Silicon


For manufacture of Solar cells and in semi-conductor electronics the polycrystalline silicon (ПКК) received on offered{suggested} non-polluting technology is used high quality. The technology is developed together with institutes of the Ministry of the industry and power of the Russian Federation.

Process of manufacturing ПКК includes the following chemical stages:


Si +ЗС2Н5ОН ®SiН(ОС2Н5)32


4 SiH(OC2H5)3®SiH4 + 3Si(OC2H5)4




The brief technical and economic data

Initial materials (metallurgical silicon with the maintenance{contents} of impurity 13 % and этиловый spirit) are accessible in unlimited quantities{amounts} under rather low price.

Advantages of technology:

— Connections of chlorine are not used also processes are ecologically safe, all processes go at normal pressure and temperature is not higher 300С;

— Chemical reactions are connected only to silicon and occur practically without carry of extraneous impurity that reduces cost of clearing;

— Reactionary products do not cooperate with walls of a reactor, reducing to a minimum pollution of end-products;

— Absence of not sold industrial waste products;

— The charge of the electric power makes about 30 kWth/kg ПКК against 200 kWth/kg for usual трихлорсиланового a method, that in 2-3 times reduces cost ПКК up to 15 thousand dollars. The USA /t.

                  Basic production: monosilane and polycrystalline silicon of a high degree of cleanliness.

High quality of monosilane and ПКК are confirmed with results of measurements. Presence of impurity is at a level of limits of detection by modern methods of the analysis. Specific resistance of the made monocrystal samples of silicon exceeds 10000 Омsm, and time of a life of nonbasic carriers reaches{achieves} 1000 мкс.

          At change of market condition the technological process patented in Russia and the USA, allows to change assortment and quantity{amount} of a made commodity output:

·        ПКК electronic quality for electronic industry;

·        ПКК solar quality for photopower;

·        ПКК for infra-red photodetectors and detectors of nuclear particles;

·        Высокочистый monosilane and his{its} mixes with hydrogen and argon;

·        Тетраэтоксилан special cleanliness;

·        Диоксид silicon special cleanliness;

·        Кремнезоль.

The institute concludes contracts on manufacturing of technological lines by productivity 0,35-1000 т/year. Term of realization of the project for 0,35 t/year — 1 year.

The organization of large-scale manufacture of polycrystalline silicon (volume 1000) will make 3 years.






Are intended for direct transformation of a sunlight to electric energy of a direct current. Are used for manufacturing solar photo-electric modules  of wide application.





Appearance pseudo-square

And round Solar cells

(a contact grid on a face sheet and continuous contact

From the back party{side})











Solar photo-electric cells




Diameter of an element (length of the party{side}), mm

 100 1

 100 1

Thickness (in view of contact metallization), мк

 550 150

 550 150

The area, sm2



Clarifying covering

 пятиокись tantalum

Contact metallization

 An alloy tin — lead

Average efficiency in a point of the maximal capacity, %



Capacity, W

 0,7 — 1

 1 — 1,4

Working pressure{voltage}, V




The design of Solar cells of VIESH is developed in view of features of their application for creation of solar batteries of ground use for civil sphere, first of all in an agriculture:

·        Materials of elements provide stability of characteristics SC and simplicity of assembly of modules with use of the usual soldering, including after long storage SC in adverse conditions; 

The design of elements provides minimization of a marriage{spoilage} because of breakdown p-n transitions at installation in modules.







Are intended for direct transformation of a sunlight to the electric power of a direct current. Solar cells are tightly protected by the strengthened glass and special polymeric пленками. The frame of the module is made of aluminium that provides durability of a design and simplicity of installation at installation of solar photo-electric systems.

The design of Solar cells of VIESH is developed in view of features of their application for creation of solar batteries of ground use for civil sphere, first of all in an agriculture:

·        Materials of elements provide stability of characteristics SC and simplicity of assembly of modules with use of the usual soldering, including after long storage SC in adverse conditions; 

The design of elements provides minimization of a marriage {spoilage} because of breakdown p-n transitions at installation in modules.

МФ с круглыми SC

МФ with pseudo-square SC 




 МФ36/4-æ with round SC

 МФ36/4-æ with pseudo-square SC

Capacity, Bt

 27 — 33

 33 — 41

Pressure{Voltage}, V

 17,5 — 19,2

 17,5 — 19,2

Current of short circuit, And

 2,0 — 2,2

 2,2 — 2,5

Current of loading, And

 1,8 — 1,9

 1,9 — 2,1

The blocking diode

КД 213 And or КД 202 Д

Warranty period, years



Overall dimensions, mm



Weight, kg



Service life, years





МФ with pseudo-square SC:

The area — 3400 sm2.  

EFFICIENCY — 10-12 %.

Iопт2000 мА.

I, мА

2700                                    МФ with pseudo-square SC




1500                              МФ with round SC






       2,5     5     7,5      10      12,5      15      17,5       20       21      22,5              U, IN

МФ with round SC:

The area — 2720,0 sm2. of efficiency — 11,29 %.

E- 100 мW/sm2. Uопт — 17033 мВ.

 Iопт — 1803 мА.


Volt-ampere of the characteristic of modules MF36/4-S


Characteristics are resulted for conditions: density of a sunlight of 1000 W/m2, temperature 25 ?. At lower light exposure capacity МФ, a current of short circuit and a current of loading are reduced.




Solar photo-electric modules is profitable to apply at removal{distance} of a source of consumption of energy from transmission lines more than on 15 km or together with the independent diesel electrogenerator to economy of liquid fuel and reserve electrosupply.

         Solar photo-electric modules are used for a complete set of photo-electric stations and solar systems of power supplies by capacity of 0,1-100 kw for a wide spectrum of products of household and industrial application.

Photo-electric modules in structure of solar stations (installations) can be applied for electrification of apartment houses in a countryside, power supplies of street lighting lanterns, water-elevating installations, radio and television receivers, radio telephones and other household devices.

МФ can be used for power supplies relay радиокоммутаций, as cathodic protection металлоконструкций, for maintenance of work of signs on water navigation, for a feed{meal} of amplifiers — retransmitters on television, telephone and radiolines.



Mobile photo-electric station


                                        Mobile photo-electric station (МФС) is an independent source of

                                        power supplies. МФС can be used both in field conditions, and for

                                        electrosupply of stationary consumers.

                                        МФС it is intended for зарядки the accumulators having loading. (the

                                        Controllers of a charge providing protection of accumulators from

                                        перезаряда and the deep category, in the complete set of delivery do

                                        not enter.)

                                        In some cases probably application МФС without accumulators, for

                                        example for a feed{meal} of the water-elevating equipment (at use      

                                        of the corresponding agreeing device).

                                        The principle of action МФС is based on direct transformation of a

                                        sunlight to an electricity by means of solar elements (SC) from monocrystal silicon.

МФС will consist of 4 modules of solar batteries (SB), a collapsible basic design and a cable for intermodular electric switching.

Modules SB represent the collapsible design providing convenience of transportation and storage. Used in modules SE are protected from influence of an environment and mechanical damages from a face sheet transparent светостойкой by a film, and from back party{side} a rigid substrate.

Electric characteristics of modules are designed for a charge of the accumulators having loading in rated voltage of 12 Century.

Such modules can be used as independent sources of the electric power.

The basic design will consist of a frame in which with the help of tension devices modules SB are established, and two pairs support which allow to adjust a corner of an inclination of working surface МФС to horizon.

With the help of a cable switching of all modules in parallel for зарядки accumulators in rated voltage 12 In or consistently — in parallel for a voltage of 24 Century is possible{probable}.

For maintenance of a voltage 48 In all modules connect own токо выводами in a consecutive circuit.



Electric parameters*







Rated power, W

150-200 **



Rated voltage, V




Voltage разомкнутой circuits, V




* — electric parameters are specified for standard conditions of measurements.

** — the Range of rated power is specified depending on efficiency used SC.

Geometrical parameters, mm

The maximal height МФС                           2100

Overall dimensions of a frame

Overall dimensions of the module               1690162030

In working position                                    14803454

In transport position                                   36034518


Range of change of corners of an inclination of working surface МФС         40 ° — 75 °

Weight depending on a material of a basic design, kg                12-19

Average duration of preparation for work, mines                       30

МФС it is efficient in conditions moderately

Cold climate                                                                     At temperature Not below 30 °С

Service life, years                                                             Not less than 7


The folding solar battery


It is intended for зарядки the accumulators providing a feed{meal} of small-sized fixtures, household low-power tele-radio equipment, a communication facility of the agricultural population living or working far from settlements, with guaranteed electrosupply.

The solar battery will consist from 6 секций solar elements, преобразующих light energy in an electricity. Each section is protected from influence of an environment polymeric пленками and supplied with the rigid substrate providing its{her} stability to mechanical influences.

All of section are connected among themselves by flexible elements, forming a panel which can develop for convenience of transportation and storage.

Basic advantages СБ are decrease{reduction} in specific weight characteristics approximately twice and increase in stability of electric parameters in comparison with folding СБ on the basis of amorphous silicon.

The folding solar battery is issued in two executions{performances}: execution{performance} 1 — бескорпусное, can be used for acquisition of mobile photo-electric stations; execution{performance} 2 — in the plastic case.



Electric parameters under standard conditions of measurements, not less:


Execution{performance} 1

Execution{performance} 2

Capacity, Wt



Rated voltage, In



Voltage of idling, In



Current of short circuit, A



Overall dimensions, mm:

In the developed{unwrapped} condition




In the combined condition



Weight, kg



Service life, years, not less




In development the patent for useful model №37433 from April, 20, 2004 is used.


Portable system Solar independent power supplies


                                                                    It is intended for a feed{meal} of the household and

                                                                    special electroequipment of a direct current by capacity

                                                                    up to 60 W. It is made on the basis of solar photo-

                                                                    electric modules (SM). Into structure of system enter:

                                                                    the solar battery, hermetically sealed storage battery

                                                                    (SB) with the controller of a charge — the category and    

                                                                    the device of the signal system about an operating mode

                                                                    of system (are mounted in the separate block), network

                                                                    зарядное the device (adapter) and the fixture with a

                                                                    compact luminescent lamp and a lamp on light-emitting diodes.




Nominal working voltage, V                                                     12 and 9

As much as possible given capacity, W                                   60

Electric capacity of the accumulator, А/h                                  7,2 — 14,4

As much as possible given energy the accumulator, W/ч                              28,8-57,6

As much as possible allowable depth of the category of the accumulator,           30


Maximal charge a current, A                                                    0,7-1,4

The maximal voltage at charge, V                                            14,4

The minimal allowable voltage on the accumulator, V                11,5

Capacity of the fixture, W

      With a compact luminescent lamp, W                                7 or 12

      With a lamp on light-emitting diodes                                    1

Overall dimensions, mm                                                           25625898

Weight, kg                                                                              3,2


Features of system:

·        Accumulation of the energy acting from various sources, including solar and thermoelectric batteries, network charge devices.

·        Simplicity of assembly and operation is carried out due to application of electric sockets.

·        Small weight and compactness.





          It is intended for viewing television programs at absence of the centralized electrosupply.


Structure and parameters of system

1. The module photo-electric solar МФ36/4-æ

Capacity, W                                                         27 — 33

(at density of a sunlight of 1000 W/m2

And temperature +25С)

Current of short circuit, And                                  17,5 — 19,2

Current of loading, And                               1,8 — 1,9

Overall dimensions, mm                               96040028

Weight, kg                                                   4,8

Service life, years                                         20

2. The accumulator 6СТ-55-А7

Voltage, V                                                   12

Capacity, Аh                                                        55

Weight, kg                                                   20

Overall dimensions, mm                               240175190

3. Portable TVs " Siesta " with the built — in controller of a charge of the accumulator


Characteristics of TVs


Mark of the TV

Siesta-j3101AS Black-and-white

Siesta-j3729AS Color



The size of the screen on diagonals, sm




TV ranges


МВ, ДМВ, Hyper band

МВ, ДМВ, Hyper band

Voltage of a feed{meal}, V




Power consumption, W (at a feed{meal} from a source +12В)




         Overall dimensions, mm




Weight, kg





In color TVs Siesta-j3729AS and Siesta-j3730AS remote control and an opportunity of storing of 255 programs is stipulated.

          Three entertaining games and a calendar are built — in TVs.

          The controllers built — in TVs will structurally consist of three units: the electronic block of the controller, the block of management and indication, the block of connection.

          The controller provides performance of the following functions:

·         Connection of the accumulator to solar батарее for зарядки at a voltage of the accumulator less than 11,5 In;

·         Switching-off of the accumulator from the solar battery at the voltage of the accumulator equal 14,5 In;

·         Automatic protection of the accumulator against overloads and short circuit in loadings;

·         Indication of operating modes of the controller: a charge of the accumulator, inclusion of loading, the bottom and top limits of a voltage of the accumulator.

Separate components and functions of the complete set can be changed as agreed with the customer.

The solar television system is developed and Open Company " Saturn МКР " together with GNU ВИЭСХ is made and reflects the world tendency on use of non-polluting and renewed energy.



Solar water-elevating installation

It is intended for rising of water from water sources with depth залегания waters up to 20 m. Installation is applied to water supply садовоогородных and country sites, приусадебных and farms, отгонных pastures and other objects.




Structure and parameters of the complete set

The solar battery

Number of modules such as МФ36/4-æ, pieces


Capacity, W


Overall dimensions, mm


Weight, kg


The controller

Capacity target, W


Voltage, V


Overall dimensions, mm


Weight, kg


The storage battery

Quantity{Amount}, шт


Pressure{Voltage}, V


Capacity, Ач




Weight, kg


The Inverter of a voltage

Voltage of an input{entrance}, V


Voltage of an output{exit}, V


Capacity, W


Weight, kg


The water pump (vibrating)

Capacity, W


Productivity, л/ч


Nominal height of rise, m


The maximal height of rise, m


Weight, kg


Water hose

Diameter, mm


Length, m


Weight, kg







          In the fixture the luminescent lamp with power consumption 7 W and the luminosity equivalent 40 ваттной to lamp накаливания is used энергосберегающая.

          The receiver is designed for reception of radio stations in ranges СВ and УКВ.

          Hours work from one battery of standard size АА. Function of an alarm clock is carried out at a feed{meal} from a source 12V, including from the solar battery. A sound signal of an alarm clock — either a buzzer, or radio station of the receiver (beforehand adjusted).


Into the complete set of delivery enter:

·        The fixture;

·        The adapter of mains voltage on 12 In;

·        Cable for connection to the power supply.


Solar PV modules with a stationary concentrator for electricity and heat generation










The modules are designed for solar PV electricity generation by individual consumers.

The module consists of:

1.     the receiving element as a band of commutated bifacial solar cells in a sealed container made out of heat-resistant glass and filled with clear heat-conducting liquid.

2.     parabolic concentrating reflector


Concentrators are used to collect solar radiation from larger surfaces onto smaller ones, where the solar cells are installed. It helps to save on expensive solar cells per unit of capacity.

Both generated electricity and heat can be utilized simultaneously (heat is made to flow away from solar cells for cooling), which makes the system more efficient. The cost of installed capacity is thus reduced by 1.5 – 2 times.

Photoelectric modules with concentrators work year-round without having to tilt to follow the sun.






Electric capacity, W

(at size of solar radiation

1000 Вт/m2)



Nominal voltage,V



Surface area of the midsection of the concentrator, m2



Concentration of radiation, крат.




Stationary year-round

Size, mm



Weight, kg





Photo-electric modules are developed under the contract from Ministry for the Power Generating Industry of the Russian Federation.



VIESH Renewable and Alternative Generating Technologies














Wind PV hybrid system for grid-independent
 energy supply:


Purpose: grid-independent energy supply for home appliances, TV, radios, radio stations, lighting, navigational, radio relay and weather stations. The system includes solar photoelectric and storage batteries, which insures supply of energy when wind speeds are below minimal.  The system have passed complete factory testing and certification.







Type I

Type II

Type III

Wind part:

Rated power, W




Voltage, V




Type of current


Rotor diameter, m




Wind speeds, m/s




Weight, kg




Photovoltaic array Capacity, W:







Type of module

Number of modules

Weight, kg

FSM 36/4-С



FSM 36/4-С



FSM 36/4-С




Rated power, W

Input Voltage, V

Output voltage, V




220  (50Hz)




220 (50Hz)




220 (50 Hz)

Storage battery*






* The storage battery does not enter into structure of delivery and is to be installed by the customer.


Installations have passed industrial tests, are certificated.



Rotor wind generators 5 kW.


It is intended for independent electrosupply of consumers in the districts removed from an electric main.

Ability of installation to use irrespective of their force and a direction without its{her} orientation « on a wind » does{makes} winds its{her} irreplaceable for reliable electrosupply complete with storage batteries.












The established capacity of the generator, W


Voltage, V


Sort of a current


Range of working speeds of a wind, km/s


External diameter статора, mm


Height of installation without a support, m


Weight, kg


Quantity of accumulator rooms batteries*

(12 V), pieces


inverter* (110/220 В), Вт



* Storage batteries and the inverter at the request of the customer can not be part of installation.


Installation has passed полигонные tests.



PORTABLE hydrolift


This device can be used for water supple and irrigation of independent or remote consumers located near to the rivers and other water streams. It uses low potential energy of moving water and ensured capacity of water pumping from to  100 up to 1000 l/h with stream speed  from 0,6 up to 3,0 m/s and water lifting up to 25 m.







Speed of a stream, not less, than km/s


Depth of immersing in a stream, not less, than m


Diameter of a wheel, mm


Weight, kg


Diameter of a hose for water delivery to the consumer, mm









It is intended for uninterrupted supply of stand-alone consumers by a heat and electric energy.

Structure of the complete set: internal-combustion engine (JCE) with the motor-generator on the first chassis and the electronic block with 4 batteries on the second chassis;50 l balloon with liquid gas; the water heat exchanger.


· Periodic mode of JCE operation.

· Use of the dc motor-generator for accumulation of the electric power in batteries and JCE start-ung-up from batteries.

· Feed of load through the electronic block.

· Automatic JCE turn on and off according to the batteries charge 

· Gas fuel use for JCE.

· Output voltage sine wave form distortions absence.

· JCE overload protection.

·  Exhaust gases heat use for hot water preparation.

Appearance of independent system of power supply



Gas electric station with ДВС


The electronic block with two accumulators




 Output power, kW:       

     Electric nominal



Electric peak




Kind of fuel

 gas propan butane gas mixture Output voltage 50 Hz 204 – 232 V

Capacity of the motor-generator, W:


      In a mode of the electromotor


     In a mode of the generator


Voltage on the motor-generator, V


     In a mode of the electromotor      

up to 48

      In a mode of the generator

up to 57

Capacity of one batteries, A▪h


Gas fuel consuption, l/hour


Service life, hour


Assumed outdoor temperature, °С

0 – 45

Assumed  humidity, %  up to 80

up to 80

Chassis  dimension, mm, no more


Weight without batteries and a gas container, kg



          At consumption of 3 kW▪h/day 50 liters gas container provides operation during15 days, and Internal
Combustion Engine being in operation 3,5 h/day, will serve without repair approximately about 5 years. 



ЭНЕРГОСБЕРЕГАЮЩИЕ Vacuum transparent insulation


Are intended for hermetic sealing solar photo-electric elements at manufacturing solar modules and creations теплосберегающих transparent screens in designs of buildings and hothouses as various glass coverings (window apertures, loggias, winter gardens, greenhouses, etc.)

Use vacuum паяных стеклопакетов allows to solve appreciably problems энергосбережения.

Standard стеклопакеты will consist of two or three sheets of the glass which have been stuck together among themselves with the help of a special framework. Стеклопакеты are filled with inert gas and are supplied with absorbers of a moisture for the prevention{warning} запотевания and freezing of a glass.

The manufacturing techniques define{determine} their lacks. Glutinous connection is short-lived and through 5M10 years because of infringement of tightness стеклопакета inert gas will disappear and problems with penetration inside of a moisture, its{her} freezing and the raised{increased} outflow of heat will begin. Presence of an internal framework results in increase in thickness стеклопакета up to 1624 mm and to increase in his{its} cost.

ВИЭСХом together with the enterprises of electronic industry are developed essentially new vacuum a stack

Fig. 1. Vacuum glazing  for transparent protections

Buildings, hothouses and solar installations. A vacuum backlash 40 microns, thickness of 6 mm, resistance of a heat transfer 0, 44 м2°С/Вт

стеклопакеты, possessing unique properties. In new стеклопакетах is not present клееной a framework, and glasses are connected with each other on end faces by welding or the soldering. In result the service life determined by a resource of preservation of tightness, makes 4050 years (fig. 1).

Air in space between glasses is replaced with vacuum that has improved теплоизолирующие and шумопоглощающие properties. In the table are submitted теплоизолирующие properties vacuum стеклопакетов. At presence of the ИК-covering on glasses resistance of a heat transfer can be increased in 10 times in comparison with unary остеклением.

Resistance of a heat transfer of transparent protections of buildings, hothouses and solar installations

The name



One sheet of a glass



Two sheets of a glass with a backlash of 16 mm






VTI with IR — a coating on one glass



VTI with IR — a coating on two glasses



Double VTI with IR — a coating on two glasses



Brick wall 2,5 bricks




High durability and fine теплоизолирующие properties are received at thickness of a vacuum backlash 40 microns and thickness стеклопакета 45 mm. If in an apartment house double window frames with thickness of a glass of 5 mm at replacement of a glass on стеклопакеты of 5 mm are used by thickness the same window frames. Теплоизолирующие properties of a window will improve in 510 time and will be same, as at a brick wall thickness 0,51 in m. It is the most economic method of increase of comfort of premises as does not demand replacement of frames. The minimal cost стеклопакета thickness of 5 mm makes 1000 roubles / m2.

At construction of a hothouse or a winter garden from vacuum стеклопакетов expenses of energy for heating will decrease on 90 %. Solar installations with vacuum стеклопакетами (fig. 2) will heat up water not up to 60°С, and up to 90°С, i.e. they from installations for hot water supply pass in the category of installations for heating buildings. New technologies give open space for imagination of architects and builders. Imagine the usual warm house with brick walls thickness of 1 m and the same warm house with thickness of walls of 10 mm executed from vacuum стеклопакетов.

Fig. 2. Solar collector Ковровского of a mechanical factory  With vacuum glazing. It is intended for reception  Hot water due to use of a solar energy. Productivity 100 l / day of hot water with temperature  6090º C Decrease{reduction} теплопотерь in a collector in 1,5M2 time. Weight of 25 kg



The design vacuum glazing is protected by certificates on useful model and two patents for inventions. The manufacturing techniques have a know-how.







Resonant Single-Wire Electric power transmission System


Is intended for electrical power supply of customers by transmission of the electric power on a single-wire line.

The principle of system operation in based on usage of two resonant circuits with frequency
0.5-50 kHz and single-ware line between contours this system, having voltage of a line  1-110 kV  and operating in a resonant mode had been proposed 100 years ago by N. Tesla. The transmission of electrical energy in an open circuit line uses capacity current and displacement currents, therefore Joule’s  losses on heating of a conductor in a line are insignificant.

1.Frequency converter   2.Resonance circuit of step-up transformer 3. Single-Wire line
4.Resonance circuit of step-down transformer  5. Rectifier unit  6. Load


Any conducting material for example, iron wire or another conducting medium, like a water can be used as wave guide for electromagnetic energy flow from generating station to receiving apparatus.   

For the coordination of usual system of electrosupply with offered{suggested} system agreeing devices and converters which are established in the beginning and at the end of a single-wire line are developed and allow to use on an input{entrance} and an output{exit} a standard electric equipment variable or a direct current.

РОЭС provides decrease{reduction} in charges on construction ЛЭП; an opportunity of replacement air ЛЭП on однопроводниковые cable lines.

For the way and the device of transfer of electric energy on single-wire system patents are received.

The experimental sample of system by capacity of 20 kW is made.

The institute concludes contracts on manufacturing of the complete set of the equipment for РОЭС capacity of 1-100 kW with transfer of the electric power on cable and an air-line. Term of delivery — 6 months. Accepts orders for manufacturing of demonstration samples РОЭС by capacity 1-100 Вт for establishments of vocational training.

РОЭС-20 KW it is developed under the order of Open Company "Сургутгазпром".


Results of tests of a resonant single-wire power system electric capacity of 20 kw

On-load power

Current of the load

Voltage of the load

20,52 kW

54 amp

380 V

Voltage of the line    

6,8 kV

Frequency of the line

3,4 kHz

Diameter of the wire of the line

80 micron/1mm

Length of the line

6 m/1700 m

Maximal effective current density

600 A/mm2

Maximal specific electric power

4 MW/mm2


The converter of frequency and resonant contour transmitting  The high-frequency transformer electric capacity 20 kW, 10 кV


Possible application of resonant single-wire electric grid:

1.     Energy supply to farms and villages

2.     Single-trolley and single cable conductors hybrid public transportation

3.     Innovative single electrode electric technological devices and plasma generators: electric cultivators, waste water decontamination, ozone production, veterinary plasma coagulators and scalpels.

Advantages of the resonance method for energy transmission:

1.     Energy is being transmitted through reactive capacitive current in resonance mode of operation. That makes it more difficult to steal the energy from the utilities

2.     Copper and aluminum consumption in the wire can be reduced tenfold

3.     Steal wires with copper surface layer of .1 mm are not worth enough to be stolen for resale as scrap metal.

4.     Energy loss in a single wire power line is low and energy can be transmitted over long distances

5.     Short circuits are impossible in a single wire cable and so it can not cause fire.







Applications of alternative sources of fuel and energy are intended for the decision power and environmental problems. The vegetative biomass which basic suppliers are agroindustrial manufacture and a forestry concerns to such sources.

The basic application of biofuel — his{its} use for manufacture of the electric power and heat on pass, it is warm also power stations on the basis of stationary diesel engines, газотурбинных power stations and boiler-houses in a range from 10 kw up to 10 МВт.

One of claimed systems of thermochemical conversion of a biomass is reception of liquid and gaseous fuel by a method of the fast pyrolysis providing maximal use in power of low-calorie minerals (coal, slates, peat, products of oil refining), household waste products, waste products wood and an agricultural production or specially выращиваемой a biomass. Fast pyrolysis of process of decomposition of substance consists in high-speed his{its} heating to temperatures at which speed of allocation of required products is maximal.

Parameters of process of fast pyrolysis, structure and quantity{amount} of allocated products preliminary are specified for each kind of raw material. The maximal temperatures of processing are defined{determined} by temperature of existence of substance in the condensed phase. Installations are developed for each kind of raw material (loose, crushed firm and liquid).

High-speed heating of substance provides: the minimal losses of energy in an environment; the maximal speed of process of decomposition of substance with allocation of products in a gas phase. Speed of heating of substance should exceed speed of the physical and chemical processes proceeding in the processed weight. The output{exit} of liquid and gaseous fuel makes not less than 50 % from organic weight of raw material.

In a firm phase there are inorganic components and products of chemical updating (углеподобный the rest). The quantity{amount} углеподобного the rest is defined{determined} by the maintenance{contents} лигнина and quantities{amounts} of the rest received at other methods of processing of a biomass are always lower.

For reception of the basic component of liquid fuel the gas phase is in part condensed (low-molecular products formed in process are not condensed). The gas phase after condensation or without it{her} can go directly on burning. Heat of burning (теплотворная ability) the basic component of fuel it is usual more than the maximum{supreme} теплотворной abilities of dry fuel of the given type. So, the maximum{supreme} теплотворная ability of wood makes 4500 kcal / kg, and heat of burning of a liquid and gaseous component — 5500 kcal / kg. Liquid and gaseous fuel can be used as oven fuel and after updating as motor fuel in engines of internal combustion and in diesel engine — electric installations.

Installations work due to the electric power or due to burning products of processing of raw material. Expenses of energy for work of installation make from 5 up to 12 % from energy of made fuel.

Advantages of process: high speed, a high degree of transformation of processed production, small dimensions of the basic unit of installation, a small power consumption on unit of processed production, the low cost price of the energy received from products of reaction.

In institute installation for reception of liquid and gaseous fuel from wood vegetative waste products by productivity on raw material 1 т/day is developed;

The function chart and general view of installation, the operating procedure and the brief description of technological process is below resulted. The crushed wood raw material (sawdust) cleared of extraneous impurity 1 is loaded into the reception bunker 2, whence by means of дозатора (шнекового the conveyor) 3, the preliminary heating established inside the chamber and removal{distance} of a moisture with required speed moves in a reactor of pyrolysis 5.



Подпись: Bio-oil
Подпись: char
Подпись: Vaporous products

Function chart of installation for reception of liquid and gaseous fuel


Formed in the chamber of removal{distance} of a moisture of pairs can be used for heating or it is directed in теплообменник 4.

In a reactor of pyrolysis there is a thermal decomposition of an organic wood pulp to formation{education} mainly газифицированной fractions. The products which have not come in a gaseous condition of pyrolysis are deduced from a reactor with the help of the transport device 7 in the collection of the firm rest 8. Газифицированные products of pyrolysis of wood, пройдя through the chamber of clearing 6, act in the condenser 9 where they are divided{shared} on liquid and gaseous fractions. Сконденсированный the liquid product collects in the receiver 11. Gaseous products, пройдя the block of clearing of gas 10, move on burning in diesel engine — generating installation 12. The diesel unit works on the combined fuel in газодизельном a mode, simultaneously consuming пиролизный gas and diesel fuel with addition up to 20 % пиролизной a liquid acting from the amalgamator 13.

Layout of pyrolysis plant for liquid and gaseous fuels production and 30 kW dieselgenerator set.  

Installation for reception of liquid and gaseous fuel from wood and vegetative waste products productivity: on raw material — 1 t/day.; on liquid and gas fuel — 0,4 t/day.


The first prototype пиролизной installations is tested in a laboratory hall of institute on the following kinds of raw material: a wood shaving, wood sawdust, the milling peat, the crushed brown coal, combustible slates, rice полова, waste products экстрагированного coffee (crumb).

The analysis of products of pyrolysis in химлабораториях institutes is lead{carried out}: ВИМС (mineral raw material) Moscow, GNU ВНИТиН (fuel and oil) Tambov.





By results of analyses it is established:

Output{Exit} of production of pyrolysis

Depending on temperature of process, in weight %

Liquid biofuel 40 — 50

Charcoal 15 — 20

Несконденсированный gas 15 — 30


Liquid fuel on a chemical compound and other parameters concerns to the category of boiler-houses (oven) топлив, but after updating can be used for engines of internal combustion.

Несконденсированный gas contains easy hydrocarbons basically (up to 30 % metane, этан, prosir, and at pyrolysis of waste products of the food-processing industry, for example экстрагированного coffee — up to 65 % volumetric), well burns and can be used (after damp clearing) in engines of internal combustion, for example in the diesel engine — generator for reception of the electric power.

Charcoal can find application in a steel industry, in a life and in medicine.

At processing wood sawdust from 1 ton of sawdust day 0,5 tons of liquid and gaseous fuel turn out. A time of recovery of outlay — 3 years.

The institute concludes contracts on manufacturing of installations by productivity on processed raw material of 1-3 tons in day. Term of delivery of 6-8 months.




Are intended for non-polluting without waste processing organic waste products with reception of gaseous fuel — biogas.

BGI provide reception of biogas in quantity{amount} 350 — 500 m3 at processing 1 т dry substance of waste products and decrease{reduction} on 50 % of power expenses for recycling of waste products as fertilizers — on дегельминтизацию, destruction of seeds of weed plants, deodorization and decrease{reduction} in anthropogenous loading on an environment.

Are intended for non-polluting processing of organic waste with obtaining of gaseous fuel — biogas.


Phylum’s of installations:

BGI – 2,0 – for family farms for processing of a manure from 3 conditional heads.

BGI – 25 – for farms (25 heads)

BGI – 50 — for farmer and part-time farms (45-50 heads).

BGI – 150 – retrofit for processing of a manure of farms (400 heads).

BGI – 500 – base installation for processing of a manure 24000 heads/years.


BGI – 2,0

BGI – 150



BGI – 500



Type of installation

Quantity and volume of reactors, m3

Kind of processed raw material

Productivity on initial manure, tons/day

The general output of biogas,

m3 / day

BGI – 2,0


Cattle manure



BGI – 25


Manure of pigs



BGI – 50


Manure of pigs



BGI – 150


Cattle manure



BGI – 500



Cattle manure Manure of pigs






We suggest to construct in your region biogas installation on a cattle-breeding or poultry-farming farm productivity up to 5 tons on initial raw material and 50 m3 of biogas day (БГУ-50). Into the complete set of delivery enter:

       Technology and the list of the completing equipment; working drawings on a reactor in capacity of 50 m3;

Working drawings on газгольдер for storage of biogas in capacity of 8 m3;

       Working drawings of auxiliary systems with their accommodation in the special block — container the area up to 20 m2 (submission of initial raw material, a heat supply,

       Gas supply, water supply and ventilation, electrosupply);

       An explanatory note on the device and operation of biogas installations.

Manufacturing and complete set — on the location of a farm — can carry out, under your discretion, a factory of the non-standard equipment and the construction organization. Under the separate agreement we shall provide also chief — installation, chief — adjustment and input of installation in action.




МО-2Сх, МО-3Сх, МО-4Сх, МО-5Сх, МО-6Сх


Are intended for cooling agricultural production and accumulation of a cold as ice and "ice" water.

Provide economy of the electric power, allow to lower cost of installations; to accumulate a stock of a cold in emergencies, to use the reduced the price night tariff for the electric power.

Can be completed under special requirements with the remote air condensers increasing them хладопроизводительность on 15 of 20 %.

Are protected by Patents of the Russian Federation.












Холодопроизводительность, kw,

    In an aggregated variant

    With use of the remote air condenser
















Productivity on milk, т/ч

    In an aggregated variant

    With use of the remote air condenser
















Хладопроизводительность компрессорно-ресиверного the unit, kw






The compressor






The remote air condenser






Volume of a receiver, л






The area of a surface of evaporators, m2






Capacity of the accumulator of a cold, m3






Weight намораживаемого ice, т






The established capacity, kw











Are intended for cooling agricultural production by a natural cold of external air (ПА-1, ПА-2, ПА-3) and a ground (ПАГ-1) in cooling systems seasonal and круглогодового actions.

Provide economy of the electric power, water and other resources, ecological cleanliness of process of cooling, raise reliability of cooling systems, reduce losses of agricultural production.

Are protected by Patents of the Russian Federation.


















Thermal loading, kw





Temperature of cooling хладоносителя, ºС





Capacity of the accumulator, m3





The charge хладоносителя, m3 / þ










The charge of air, m3 / þ




The established capacity, kw









It is intended for the combined cooling agricultural production by vacuum and a natural cold.

Provides economy of the electric power, water and other resources, ecological cleanliness of process of cooling, reduces operational and capital expenses reduces losses of agricultural production.


The equipment is protected by Patents of the Russian Federation.





The established capacity, kw:

In a warm season



In a cold season


Specific expenses of the electric power, kWt×h/t


Productivity on milk, t/h







          It is intended for cultivation of plants in conditions intensive светокультуры, allows all-the-year-round and to raise highly effectively any agricultural production — vegetable, decorative, medical, etc. plants — with unique ecological properties.


Characteristics of the module


The size of the module, m                                    1,21,2

The useful area of the module, m2                         1,0

The charge of the electric power, kWt×h/t /m2        0,25-0,4

Level облученности plants, Вт/m2 of HEADLIGHTS             Up to 140

Substratum                                                          Constant


For industrial use a series intensive high technology without waste, водо, энергоand ресурсосберегающих technologies with a time of recovery of outlay till 1 year is developed.

Characteristics of offered{suggested} technologies of cultivation

Зеленные vegetables — a celery, a parsley, a basil, a coriander, fennel, etc. Срезка greens weekly, productivity 4 — 10 kg /m2 for a month. The charge of the electric power 18 — 30, kWt×h /kg. Cost of 80 thousand roubles.

Salads — sheet, кочанные, крессы, мангольд, etc., a garden radish. Productivity 4 — 12 kg/m2 for a month. The charge of the electric power 20 — 30, kWt×h/kg. Cost of technology of 75 thousand roubles.

Tomatoes — reception of fruits, 6 — 8 crops for 1 year, productivity 16 — 20 kg / m2, the size of a fruit 60 — 100. The charge of the electric power up to 16 — 18, kWt×h/kg. The seed material is applied (grades « Пушкинский laboratory », "Танюшка"). Cost of 70 thousand roubles.

Sprouts and shanks{cuttings} — tomatoes, wild strawberry, cabbage, beet, corn, an amaranth, etc. for hothouses and an open ground, rooting and подращивание shanks{cuttings} outside of a season — a currant, a gooseberry, жимолость, ирга, a blueberry, a mountain ash, sea-buckthorn berries, лимонник, etc., cultivation of seed stocks яблони, pears, cherries, etc. — up to 400 — 600 pieces/m2 for a month. High conformity to requirements STATE THAT. The charge of the electric power up to 0.3 — 0.6, kWt×h/piece. Cost of 80 thousand roubles.

Wild strawberry — cultivation сеянцев, moustaches or reception of berries. Productivity up to 500 pieces/m2 of sprouts, 4 — 5 kg/m2 of berries for a month. The charge of the electric power up to 0.4 kWt×h/pieces, up to 50,  kWt×h/kg. Cost of 70 thousand roubles.

Стахис — reception клубней for the food and medical purposes (treatment of a diabetes). Productivity till 6 crops in one year, about 4 kg/m2 клубней for 1 crop. The charge of the electric power up to 60  kWt×h/kg. Cost of 60 thousand roubles.

Asters and others однолетники on срезку. Productivity up to 800 pieces/m2 for 3,5 months, an output{exit} of an aster up to 90 %. The charge of the electric power up to 1,0 , kWt×h/piece. Cost of 70 thousand roubles.

Carnation — manufacture of a landing material and colors on срезку. Productivity up to 1500 pieces / m2 for 7 months, up to 2500 pieces/m2 year, an output{exit} экстры up to 90 %. The charge of the electric power up to 1.0  kWt×h/piece. Cost of 70 thousand roubles.

Стевия — on green weight for reception гликозидов (substitutes of sugar) and simultaneously for reception of shanks{cuttings} for duplication. Gathering of green weight about 3 kg/m2 for a month, the maintenance{contents} гликозидов more than 12 %. The charge of the electric power about 50 , kWt×h/kg, up to 0.2, kWt×h/piece. An output{exit} of green shanks{cuttings} up to 800 pieces/m2, rooting up to 90 %. Cost of 100 thousand roubles.


Pump station container independent type (slope) for supply by potable water of agricultural objects




Carries out rising of water from a chink with the help it is frequency — adjustable погружного the electropump with variable productivity;

·        Provides productivity from 24 up to 1560 m3/day;

·        Stabilizes pressure at the consumer,

·        Provides direct-flow technology:

·        Will coordinate water-submission to water consumption;


· Carries out smooth start-up and останов the electric motor;

·   Protects the electropump from short circuits, overloads on a current, losses of a pressure{voltage} of phases or their asymmetry, wrong alternation of phases, " a dry course ";

·   Provides water purification: conformity of characteristics of lifted water to requirements of GOST;

·   Provides ecological safety due to full tightness of system;

·   Provides any required pressures at the consumer;

·   Carries out мониториг and management with the help of a computer on  Any distance by means of GSM-communication or through report ModBus;

·   Provides economy of resources.


Efficiency (in comparison with tower system of water supply:

·        Reduction of capital investments up to 21 %, exception of water towers, hydroaccumulators;

·        Reduction of expenses of the electric power up to 18 %, increase of efficiency and decrease{reduction} in losses of pressure in the pipeline;

·        Decrease{Reduction} in losses of water to 4 %, elimination of outflow because of superfluous pressures in the pipeline.


Structure of pump station

·        The container:

Overall dimensions, m from 2,0ᄡ2,0ᄡ2,0 up to 3,0ᄡ4,0ᄡ2,0

Thickness of an environment (such as "sandwich"), mm 100

Factor of heat conductivity

Material of an environment, kcal / ¼ᅲþᅲᄚæ 0,034

Capacity warmed, kw 1 — 3

Automatic maintenance of temperature

(at external temperature up to — 40 ?) 10 — 20

The equipment of automatic control of temperature such as "КОНС".

Can be used for accommodation of any process equipment.

·                 The equipment of water-preparation:

Обезжелезивание, up to 3 mg / ½ and less;

Умягчение, up to 7 мгᅲэкв/л and less;

Decrease{Reduction} мутности up to 1,5 mg / ½ and less;

Decrease{Reduction} in bacterial pollution to 100/ml and less.

·                 The converter of frequency:

Type VFD;

Capacity, kw 1,5 — 55,0

The built — in ПИД-REGULATOR;

Frequency of target 3 phase pressure{voltage}, Hz 0 — 400;

The law of regulation U / (f) cubic provides decrease{reduction} in temperature of the case of the electric motor of the pump on 6ᄚС at decrease{reduction} in frequency of rotation on 66 %.

·                 The controller:

Type SR2 B121BD;

Carries out updating the task of pressure of stabilization in function of the charge.

·                 The communication interface (type sr2 СОМ01);

·                 Modem GSM (type sr2 MОD02);

·                 The gauge of pressure (type КРТ5 — 11 — 1,0 — 1,0);

·         The gauge of the charge (type DYMETIC — 1001).


We offer editions of GNU ВИЭСХ


Strebkov D.S., Nekrasov A.I. resonant methods of transfer of electric energy: the Monography. Изд. 2, перераб. And доп. — M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2006. — 304 рр.

Questions of a substantiation of resonant system of transfer of the electric power and electric circuits for a feed{meal} of various types of consumers are considered. Circuits of electrosupply of stationary consumers and mobile vehicles are resulted. The substantiation is given and examples of transfer of electric energy on электропроводящим to the channels created by electronic bunches{beams}, laser and microwave radiation are resulted. Power supply circuits of loading on resonant волноводной lines are considered. Materials on realization of electrotechnologies are submitted on the basis of a resonant method of a feed{meal} of various electrotechnological installations. The description of the device of experimental samples электрокоагулятора, с.-Õ is given. Electrotechnological installations, devices for processing surfaces of materials and results of the lead{the carried out} experiments.

Results of researches of model and experimental samples of installations and the equipment with a feed{meal} under the resonant circuit of transformation and transfer of energy for electrosupply of stationary and mobile electroconsumers are submitted. Results of tests of model samples with a feed{meal} on thin wires and nonmetallic conducting environments are resulted.

New results of researches of resonant methods of transfer and uses of electric energy received in ВИЭСХе in 2003-2006 are included in the second edition. The book is intended for scientific and technical officers, post-graduate students and the students engaged in development new энергосберегающих энерготехнологий of transfer and application of electric energy.

Халин E.V. safety of manufacture: Technologies, ways, devices: the Monography. M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2006. 372 рр.

Technologies, methods, ways, devices and decisions on a safety of manufacture, including prevention of an industrial traumatism, preventive maintenance of desease and normalization of working conditions are considered.

The technology of a safety of manufacture is considered as four basic interconnected elements — providing информационно-technological processes (ОИТП), means of a safety of the work, the automated workplaces of experts on a labour safety (automated workplace СОТ) and the automated workplaces responsible{crucial} for preparation and certification of the personnel on safety of manufacture (automated workplace ОПБП). Descriptions of new technical ways and devices of maintenance of an electrosecurity are resulted.

The book will be useful to science officers and experts on a labour safety and an electrosecurity, the technical officers engaged in development of информационно-communication technologies.

Харитонов V.P.independent ветроэлектрические installations: the Monography. M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2006. 280 рр.

The description is given and characteristics independent ветроэлектрических installations (ВЭУ) intended for rise and опреснения of water, electrosupply, manufacture of heat, protection of pipelines against corrosion and other purposes are resulted. Results of theoretical researches крыльчатых wind turbines in a variable air stream and the recommendation on their optimization агрегатирования with loadings of various type are submitted. Experience of development of a series of generators for ветроагрегатов and systems of excitation to them is reflected. The analysis of wind conditions with recommendations is resulted at the choice of places of accommodation ВЭУ. The description of experimental base ветрополигона ВИЭСХ in is given to Istra to the Moscow area. Results of experimental researches of five modern ВЭУ by capacity from 0,5 up to 10 kw are resulted. Economic parameters ВЭУ of various standard sizes are analysed. 

The book reflects a long-term operational experience of the author as the developer and verifier ВЭУ and is intended for experts — ветроэнергетиков and for the consumers, wishing to raise{increase} efficiency of use ветроустановок.

Methodical recommendations at the choice of places of accommodation ветроэлектрических installations with an estimation of possible{probable} development{manufacture} of energy / Haritonov V.P., Sokolskij A.K. — M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2003. — 36 рр.

             In recommendations requirements to a choice of places of accommodation ветроустановок are stated and the design procedure of development{manufacture} of energy ветроустановками with use of the data of statistics of supervision over speed of a wind on meteorological stations is resulted. The method of specification of calculation of development{manufacture} of energy is offered in view of results of definition of characteristics of an openness of a place of accommodation ветроустановок.

The general{common} data on wind energy and its{her} dependence on various factors, results of the analysis of statistical dependence of size of mid-annual speed of a wind from scale of a class of an openness on V.J.Milevskomu are resulted, sources of the information are specified according to supervision over speed of a wind, the new method of definition of parameters of distribution of speeds of a wind on Вейбуллу with use of statistics of supervision on meteorological stations is stated.

Башилов A.M. electron-optical sight in agrarian manufacture: the Monography. — M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2005. — 312 рр.

In the monography main principles of construction and application of electron-optical technologies of the control and quality management of manufacture агропродукции are submitted. With общесистемных positions functional, structural and parametrical features of development of electron-optical processes and means of technical sight for the organization of effective agrarian manufacture are shown. Circuits and algorithmic procedures of search, supervision and recognition of diverse adaptive reactions and purposeful actions of the objects which are taking place at various levels of the organization uniform агробиоэкопроизводственной of system are resulted.

The book is intended for scientific employees, engineers and managers of agrarian manufacture, for post-graduate students and students of agrotechnical universities, and also can be useful to agriculturists, technologists and the economists using in the work the system approach.

Musin A.M.method of a technical and economic estimation of biotechnical systems of animal industries. — M.: GNU ВИЭСХ, 2005. — 104 рр.

Novelty of offered{suggested} methods consists in an estimation of technical and economic efficiency of engineering decisions in the field of technological processes in view of increase of efficiency of animals and improvement of quality of production. As criterion of efficiency the gain of the profit received at realization of an end-product serves.

The offered{suggested} method allows to prove a choice of an optimum variant of structure of technological