THE UNITY OF THE TOTAL DIRECTION OF THE AGRARIAN-ENGINEERING PROGRESS AND SELF-ORGANIZING OF THE NATURE.
STREBKOV D., SVENTICKIY I., ZHMAKIN I., KOROLEV V.
The analysis of the positions of the self-organizing synergism the non-balance thermodynamics and the track record of the nonlinear systems as well as the Russian scientists investigations on the technetium shows that history development technologies and technique and the basic stages evolutions of the nature have a total direction. It is revealed that regularities of the technical formations shaping is identical empirical revealed laws of the shaping biological formations in the technetium. The total scientific explanation of this phenomena is possible on the base of the principle energy extrement of the self-organizing and progressive evolution (PEES PE). This principle merges the second beginning of the thermodynamics (VNTD) in the manner of mirror symmetrical and opposite him on the essence – the survival law. The joint analysis is required of the technical formations considered in the agrarian ecological and engineering investigations. Herewith the technical formations are considered as the elements of the holistic ecological closing agrarian system (AETS). It will allow to shorten the expenses of the energy on the production of the agricultural product and negative influence agrarian technologies on the nature. The Total progressive Direction of the agrarian-engineering researches in the XXI century must coincide with the progressive Direction of the nature evolutions.
The analysis of the positions of the self-organizing synergism the non-balance thermodynamics and the track record of the nonlinear systems as well as the Russian scientists investigations on the technetium shows that history development technologies and technique and the basic stages evolutions of the nature have a total direction. It is revealed that regularities of the technical formations shaping is identical empirical revealed laws of the shaping biological formations in the technetium . The total scientific explanation of this phenomena is possible on the base of the principle energy extrement of the self-organizing and progressive evolution (PEES PE). This principle merges the second beginning of the thermodynamics (VNTD) in the manner of mirror symmetrical and opposite him on the essence – the survival law. The joint analysis is required of the technical formations considered in the agrarian ecological and engineering investigations. Herewith the technical formations are considered as the elements of the holistic ecological closing agrarian system (AETS). It will allow to shorten the expenses of the energy on the production of the agricultural product and negative influence agrarian technologies on the nature. The total progressive direction of the agrarian-engineering researches in the XXI century must coincide with the progressive direction of the nature evolution.
The Condition Problem
The results of the technical formation studies executed basically by school prof. B.I. Kudrin are stated in [1-3]. At first this scientist has motivated the unity to general direction of the history development technology, technology and evolutions of the nature . We shall bring the bright expression of B.I. Kudrin’s position [1, s. 22]: «Using ideas and notions of the biological evolution for description of all phenomena and resting in the trivial fact: nesting, the consequent product by physical reality of the biological realities (the dead – alive), hereinafter – a realities technical, information and, finally, (so far), realities social… the Nesting reflects the evolution of the planets and allows to consider surrounding as united developing". In the ditto time the problem of the contradictions between the biological evolution and the evolution of the nature on VNTD remained to be unsolved before motivation PEES PE . As is well known, the evolution of the alive nature is directed to improvement of the development of the structures and the organism functions and their community then the evolution of the nature on VNTD is directed diametrically opposite – to the destruction of the structures, the energy degrade, ubiquitous and unceasing growing of the entropy. We shall consider the consequent naturally’ scientific motivation of the principle PEES PE, in accordance with which occurs the progressive direction of the evolution of the whole nature.
The Motivation of the PEES PE
The symmetry of the nature is the most main characteristic of the self-organizing nature on all levels of her organizations: from the smallest particles (the photons, electrons) to cosmic mega object (the planets, stars). The main laws of the nature must reflect this characteristic. Indirect proof of the confession by world scientific public to symmetries of the laws of the nature at the beginning initially second half XX century is uncommonly speed awarding to Nobel prize (1956) to the american physicists Li and Jang for opening of the breach of the mirror symmetry in the radioactive disintegrations. In consequence these physicist and L. Landau were revealed that this appearing asymmetry turned out to be the special type of the mirror symmetry.
The short consideration of the symmetries problem in the laws of the main sections of the modem physicists and its relationship with other existing problem of the science is of interest. The symmetry is reflected in the third law Newton In the classical mechanics in the evident type: "The action has always the equal and opposite reluctance" or otherwise: "The interaction between two bodies is equal and is made for opposite sides". In accordance with the Nyotte’s theorem the main laws of the mechanical engineers conservation are symmetrical to the space and time homogeneity. The Puankare-Misry’s return theorem displays the mirror dynamic symmetry of the essentially. The principle in coordination the VNTD with track record of the rest sections physicists is revealed not accidentally on the base of this theorem.
In the classical thermodynamics the VNTD demonstrates the evident asymmetry of the main natural processes that disagrees to reality. The attempt to prove the legality of the VNTD is made in [5, 6]. However, for this proof were used not phenomena of the nature but results of the activity of me person. The error of this attempt even obvious from the invalid initial position. Exactly because of the VNTD unnatural asymmetric it has conditioned the appearance of the row of the problems in physics not only, but also in biology – in theory of the biological evolution. Named and row of the other problems of the science given the VNTD asymmetry, were revealed as far back as XIX century. They have conditioned two catastrophes in physics: misgiving to heat death of the Land and the Universe and "ultraviolet catastrophe" – impossibility to motivate coming from the VNTD analytical dependency of the spectral sharing the radiation absolutely black body. They have conditioned two catastrophes in physicist: misgiving to heat death of the Land and Universe and "ultraviolet catastrophe" impossibility to motivate coming from the VNTD analytical dependency of the spectral sharing the radiation absolutely black body. The first –remained not solved correct before recent time. The decision second – by M.PLANK in 1900 became possible only due to opening quantum characteristic radiations and quantum of the action – Plank’s constant – which turned out to be not connected with the VNTD.
The opening principle of the least action by Mopertiyui in 1740 introduced its asymmetry of the nature. The transformation of this principle by L. Eyler in 1744 in the principle of the extreme action has restored the belief about symmetries of the laws of the nature. In accordance with extreme principle action can be as minimum – an economical energy, so and maximum – a lavish energy, not economical energy. In XVIII age there was not beliefs about self-organizing that did not allow revealing in what condition action is an economical energy but in what – and lavish energy. Again a principle of the extreme action was motivated by G.S. Landsberg in 50-th years XX century at considering of the Ferma’s principle , which in the same way either as principle of the least action, could be considered as sign asymmetry laws of the nature.
The making of the principle of the extreme action from the Ferma’s principles and from the least action is indicative of vicinity of essence of the lasts, not accidentally The creators of the classical thermodynamics Klauzius and Bolicman as well as Gelimgolic tried to make the VNTD from the principle of the least action  probably understanding certain relationship to their essence and it is not enough convincing motivation the VNTD. The principle of the least action herewith was obviously used in dug the axioms. The VNTD and value to entropy were subjected to in this period critic. Answering this critic, colleague L. Bolicman – De Cudr has voiced the part of important axiom, which is brought beside Brod in [9, s. 324-325]: "Second beginning as well as the first is taken only from experience. This the most faithful from all known us experienced laws – wrote De Cudr – he more faithful than death, since death –only special event second begin". This faithful and very strong comparison is part of the important axiom. For the full discovery its demand question: that necessary the death should take place, and was shown the VNTD? The answer unambiguous: at least one life.
The Relationship between life and death is the most important axiom of the nature presenting itself dynamic at the time the mirror symmetry. She is around the world directly observed and the exceptions except in religious teachings except in all other area of expertise has not. The duplication by fissions of the hutch is sometimes considering the immortality, but this can be disputed possible considering maternal hutch as vanished at fission.
This axiom is indicative of logical needing to reveal and take into account the law opposite on its essence The VNTD – a law, named law of the survival (ZV). The full wording and clear consideration of the axiom to lives and deaths so obvious for all find in scientific publication us not to manage.
The enough full consideration of the position about lives and deaths is kept basically philosophical labour F. Engels "Dialectics of the nature". In section of this labour, named "Biology", position "Life and death" is central [10, s. 259]: "Already and now do not consider scientific that physiology, which does not consider the death as essential element to lives, which does not understand that negation to lives essentially is kept in most lives so life always imaginative in correlation with its necessary result, concluding in its fetus, – smertiyu. Live – signifies to die". The quoting happens to in this labour from Gegel [cit. on 10, s. 305]: "Life, as such, carries fetus of the deaths" in itself.
On the base of this axiom possible to motivate the theorem on discovery the ZV and the PEES PE. Briefly we shall consider the theorem confirming mirror dynamic symmetry the VNTD and revealed the law – the ZV. If on the open balance system with spontaneous process of the destruction of the structures and growing to entropy in accordance with VNTD, act external power and to she enters the available free energy, that first or last under their influence in accordance with revealed by law –the ZV opposite on essence the VNTD self-organizing structures appear in system spontaneous which will develop growing to entropy in system to fall then its entropy will decrease but free energy to increase (be accumulated) in system. As a result such evolution the balanced system complied in determined time period the VNTD can change in self-organizing (unbalanced) system residing in consent with the ZV and not complying with the VNTD. Inevitably address. Only under its presence is possible the progressive evolution.
The considered axiom is in the agreement with the Puankare-Misry theorem of the return, from which not accidentally follows the problem of the principle in coordination VNTD with track record of the main sections physicists. She is also in the agreement with theorem of the quantum theory of the field (SRT-theorem) proved by Lyuders (1952-1954) and V. Pauli (1955). In accordance with this theorem of the equation to quantum theory of the field is invariant comparatively SRT transformations. They do not change its type if simultaneously produce three transformations: charge interfacing – a change the inverse particles (S), spatial inversion – a mirror image – (R) and address of time – a change the sign with "+" on "-" (T). In accordance with SRT-theorem if in nature occurs certain process then with the same probability in her can occur also inverse process in which particles are replaced corresponding to opposite particle projections their back has an opposite sign but initial and final conditions of the exchanged process the places .
Not accidentally this theorem executes specifically important role in quantum electric speaker, about than witness, for instance, references to it in many places of the scholastic course of this section physicists [11; s. 68, 71, 307, 317, 351]. Coming from consideration of the particles of the inverse particles and of the truly neutral particles as well as their relationship with the theorem – the SRT, not is accidentally noted in [11, s. 68] following: "appropriately emphasize that though stated here the discourses and introduce the natural development usual quantum mechanical engineers and classical theory to relativity but got such by the results leave for their frames as on the form (ψ -an operators, containing simultaneously operators of the birth and deleting the particles), so and essentially (the particles and the antiparticles). These results it is impossible so consider as purely logical need. They contain in itself new physical principles the criterion to correctness which can be only experience" (the cursive of the authors). We shall pay attention to word from quoting "containing simultaneously operators of the birth and deleting the particles". They, obviously, not understandable for their authors we shall pay attention to word from quoting "containing simultaneously operators of the birth and deleting the particles". They, obviously, not understandable for their authors, but clear display the axiom of the lives and deaths. This quoting is indicative of important, not yet realized dug the theorems – SRT and considered axioms in building of the quantum theory.
One of the complex undecided problems to theories of the biological evolution (Darwin’s, syntetic) – a divergence on many orders of importance of the real velocity to evolutions with importance of this value calculated on origin mutation and their selection theoretically. The real velocity to evolutions on 7-8 orders goes quicker than accounting. This is persuasively shown calculation, on base of the theories to probability, in work E. K. Tarasov [12, s. 7-8]. Hereunder dock-is healled that principle of the casual origin to genetic information, provided Darwin’s theory, not well-to-do. The decision of this problem turned out to be possible on base of the principle Le Shatelie .
The elementary mechanism of the manifestation ZV in speedup of the origin to biological information most comfortable reveal on macro level, coming from principle Le Shatelie. In accordance with this principle the influence of the external ambience to self-organizing system causes in her change, which bring about weakening of this action. The system constantly directly adapts is adapted to change the external ambience. The elementary mechanism of the manifestation ZV in speedup of the origin to biological information most comfortable reveal on macro level, coming from principle Le Shatelie. In accordance with this principle, the influence of the external ambience to self-organizing system causes in her change, which bring about weakening of this action. The system constantly directly adapts, is adapted to change the external ambience. In alive nature this adjustment increases in the event of extreme external environments.
The schematic relationship of the history development extreme principle with ZV, PEES PE, as well as axiom to lives and deaths is shown on Fig. 1
Any directed change the external environments occur in the manner of the fluctuations having as the positive direction so and opposite negative one. Herewith the directed fluctuation reaction of the self-organizing system occurs in accordance with the Le Shatelie principle on influence of the external ambience. These processes occur on all the levels of the nature organizations: from the elementary particles atom molecules before organism, population, ecological systems and cosmic objects. The high velocity to progressive direction to evolution of the self-organizing nature speedup of the development improvements to its information on measure philogenetic developments of the self-organizing systems are conditioned exactly these phenomena. These positions confirm the results of the analysis not only considered but other main problems to modern theory to biological evolution on base of the principle Le Shatelie provided in .
In accordance with the ZV the whole self-organizing nature, particularly living is economized. The progressive evolutional development of the alive self-organizing nature, increase its economy occurs by means of the improvement information controlling systems. The progressive development of the alive self-organizing nature increase its economy occurs by means of improvement information controlling systems and structured organization providing efficient operation organism and their community. In accordance with principle Le Shatelie directed adaptive oscillatory selection economical mechanism and structures occurs on all hierarchical level of the organizations of the development of the system.
Fig. l. To the motivation relationship of the physic-chemical principle with the ZV and the PEES PE (explanations in text)
The modern dates on study of the genetic organism structures confirm this position having very big importance for decision of the considered problem to theories to evolutions. If receive a visit at correspondence to with modern data that gene of the person consists of the 30 thousand gene the gene mouse forms 90 % of the person gene. Only 1% of the gene mouse differs from the corresponding structures of the person gene. These dates are installed empirical. They allow coming to the following conclusion. Since time of the divergence of the ways to evolutions of the person and mouse the person gene initial having more complex and progressive structure increased for considered period on 10 % more then. For this period by gene mouse increased on 1 % only. Is it thereof seen that genetic information structures of the person changed for this period tenfold quicker.
In accordance with these dates as this possible was expect and coming from principle Le Shatelie genetic information structures of the person as more complex self-organizing system at the beginning initially evolved tenfold quicker than like structures mouse – at the beginning initially obviously more complex system. In this one more indirect acknowledgement to realities of existence ZV its general directing dug in progressive development of the evolutions of the nature in speed development of the information genetic structures. The ZV is realized by means of different natural mechanisms mechanisms of the economy. To their count; calculate; list pertain the phenomenal principles, used in physics and chemistry as reference positions: the least action Ferma, Le Shatelie and, as it is shown in , the Lenz law of the electromagnetic inertia.
The evolyucionny progress in accordance with the ZV and PEES PE is reached by price of the high expenses to energy. As according to the principle Le Shatelie in the course of time the progressive evolution speeds up, that "evolution action" of nature is necessary to measure in the same unit, as value of the action in accordance with principle of the least action (J*s). There is base to consider that on base of the principle Le Shatelie possible to calculate the velocity to progressive evolution in these units, which, regrettably, hitherto did not fall into the general system of the physical units.
The coincidence empirical modern dates on identifications gene mammals with the forecast on base of the principle Le Shatelie confirms the determinism of the evolutions processes and the general efficient Direction all its stages as well as simultaneously demonstrates the high cognitive possibility of the use physic-chemical principle. We shall note that in accordance with principle Le Shatelie origin and selection of the progressive information occurs in determined measure goal-directed. This is indicative of need and possibility of revision of the determination to information on Kastleru.
The founder communication theory Shannon not without bases noted that: "Much seldom manages to open simultaneously several secrets of the nature one and same key. The building our several artificially created welfares can collapse easy . As soon as at one beautiful day it will turn out to be that with the help of several magic words like information, entropy, redundancy it is impossible solve all undecided problems" [15, s. 12-13]. This position as it is impossible better characterizes the ZV and PEES PE role in progressive development of the modern science. Possible to confirm that with their opening really collapsed former "several artificially created welfare" physicists, founded on former belief about VNTD about excessively exaggerated dug entropy in physical ideology, in theories of information – a communication theory. The ZV has performed the key role in understanding the economy of the self-organizing nature and simultaneously must execute this role in quantitative estimation quality to biological information.
1. In accordance with principle energy extreme self-organizing and progressive evolution general progressive direction of all the nature evolutions stage have a direction spare resource and energy. This principle necessary to take into account at motivation of the optimum agrarian technical systems.
2. Reasonable to use the exergy analysis and try to take into account biological (genetic) information at the motivation of the optimum agrarian technical systems.
3. The motivation of the choice of the borders separate agrarian technical systems is important.
4. For choice the efficient agrarian technical systems from the number existing ones has important significance an analysis of the conditions of their development, developments and результативности use on base of the principle energy extreme self-organizing and progressive evolution exergy analysis and other revealed regularities agrarian technical systems.
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